He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes, Saying, Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm. 1Chronicles 16:21-22 KJV
He permitted no man to oppress them, And He reproved kings for their sakes, saying, “Do not touch My anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm.” 1Chronicles 16:21-22 NASB
Chronicles is concerned with the history of the Kings of Judah, but especially with how it relates to the Temple and worship of God. David’s exercise on coming to the throne was to bring the ark of God to Jerusalem. Having accomplished this (ch 15), he delivered a Psalm of worship into the hands of Asaph and his brethren.
The Psalm is actually a compilation of several different Psalms (96:1‑13; 105:1‑15; 106:1, 47‑48). In it, David traces the goodness of God to the nation in all her wanderings and movements. The faithfulness of God to His promises, the covenant, and the land are all rehearsed in his psalm. The installation of the ark in the tent in Jerusalem seemed to be the capstone, as though God had come to dwell in Jerusalem, confirming all His covenant promises.
One strophe in David’s praise relates to how God carefully protected His servants and His anointed. Very likely he had Abraham and Isaac in mind in the land of Egypt and of the Philistines; possibly His protecting hand over the nation in Egypt. What would David have thought if he could have projected his sight into the future to see what men would do with God’s Servant and Anointed One when He visited this globe?
No longer was the restraining hand of God evident. Men did with Him “whatsoever they listed” (Matt 17:12). No harm? Touch not? How different for the Anointed of the Lord. Men not only “touched” Him, but they spit upon Him, scourged and beat Him, battered His face and form, and ultimately impaled Him on a tree.
All the pent-up hatred in the heart of man toward God, fueled by the bitter animosity of Satan toward God, was vented upon one Man, yet heaven was silent. Angels looked on – waiting at its battlements to fly to His aid at the mere suggestion. But divine counsels are being fulfilled and our salvation was being procured!
Note some ways in which God protected and “avenged” the ark and contrast that with the One Who was its antitype.